Jasmine is an evergreen semi-vining shrub native to tropical areas of Southeast Asia, Africa and Australia. The plants are usually up to 3 meters high and 2 meters wide.
Jasmine is a climbing vine with oval, shiny leaves and tubular, waxy-white flowers. It has small white star-shaped flowers. The Jasmine flower releases its fragrance at night after the sun has set and especially when the moon is waxing towards fullness, thus it is associated with soothing peaceful night-time moods. The leaves are oval rich green and have five to nine leaflets, each up to 2½ inches long.
The plant flowers from April to September. Jasmine is propagated by cuttings of nearly ripe wood in summer. Cuttings are planted in 3-inch pots within 4 weeks, then to 6-inches when pot is becoming filled with roots. The soil should be kept moist but well drained for optimum growth. Frequent pruning is required to grow it as a shrub of desired size. Pruning also helps keep an abundance of flowers, since flowers are produced on new wood. It grows in full sun to partial shade. Fertilize monthly with a balanced fertilizer.
Jasmine is now grown worldwide. In India some varieties are used as religious offerings symbolizing divine hope. Many Indian women wear garlands of Jasmine flowers in their hair. Jasmine Incense is used to balance male and female hormones.
It is also used as an aphrodisiac, for brain stimulant, calming, restoring balance and confidence, anti-depressive, and soothes headaches. The fragrant jasmine odor can be extracted and is one of the most widely used scents in the making of perfume. The flowers of Arabian jasmine, J. sambac, are used to scent and flavor tea. The nectar of the fragrant flowers of Carolina jasmine, Gelsemium sempervirens, is poisonous, although its dried roots are used in medicinal preparations as a sedative.
Daffodils are found in Europe, North America and Western Asia. Narcissus is the botanical name for all daffodils. They are also called paperwhites and jonquil. The term daffodil is generally used for single, trumpet-shaped flowers and paperwhites for tiny white flowers that grow in clusters.
The plant grows to a height of 10" to 18" in a variety of colors, sizes and shapes, including white, cream, yellow, orange and bicolor. They are one of the most vigorous and colorful flowers of spring.
Daffodils may be separated into 13 major divisions based on several distinctive forms of the flower. It consists of a central whorl of tepals (the corona) surrounded by a ring of petals. The center part may range from a long, tubular part to a short, flattened disc.
Daffodil flowers need a well-drained soil and a sunny place. Hillsides and raised beds are best. Drainage is very important. A slight acidic soil is best. The plant should not be fertilized much. A little bone meal in the spring is all they need. The bulb should be planted approximately 6" deep (standard size) and 2" deep (the miniature ones). The top of the bulb is the pointed end. Daffodils need lots of water while they are growing. Continue watering for three weeks or so after blooming time; then stop watering.
Daffodils multiply in two ways: asexual cloning (bulb division) where exact copies of the flower will result, and sexually (from seed) where new, different flowers will result.
Daffodils have few insect and disease pests. Bulb rots are perhaps the most frequent cause of disappointment. Plants that have been attacked may not emerge or may have weak or blighted leaves. Bulbs usually begin to rot at the base.
Daffodils are a very beautiful flower and are used in bouquets or mixed spring arrangements. Daffodils are suitable for the shrub border, perennial beds and among ground covers. They are effective as skirting beneath ornamental deciduous trees. They naturalize easily in grassy areas and in casual patches within flower and shrub beds. They provide delicious cut flowers for the house, and most are well suited to growing in pots for living bouquets to enjoy in the house and on decks and patios
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